Business Ethics & Violent Conflict
The business community, including both extractive industries such as oil, gas, and mining, as well as local businesses, have a particularly important part to play in areas affected by violent conflict. Associated economic impacts can have a destabilising effect. Local populations are often excluded from discussions and decision-making about the control of natural resources.
The consequent inequitable distribution of wealth can lead to resentment, tensions, and violence. The business community is often blind to the environment in which they work or the dynamics between their projects and the conflict context.
The results are likely to be negative for both them and the local populations affected by their operations. It is in both their interest and in the interest of local stability that they work towards this understanding and adjust their practices accordingly.